Coffee making is an art. Just as an artist knows the right amount of paint, strokes, etc. that births a perfect artwork, a coffee expert knows the exact ratio of coffee to water required to brew the perfect cup of coffee.
Your coffee brewing device is only as good as how you measure your coffee to water ratio. If your coffee has been tasting watery or wack recently, you probably had no clue that every great cup of coffee has evenness and precision in the mix. Read on to learn how much coffee per cup you need to transform coffee time every morning.
How To Measure Coffee [Coffee Brewing Ratios Explained]
Why COFFEE SCALES?
Anybody can make a perfect cup of coffee. All you need is the right amount of ingredients in the coffee brewing machine, and you are good to go. But how do you measure coffee to water ratio that formulates the perfect cup of coffee? The answer is simple.
A coffee scale is all you need to achieve exactness in making your cup of coffee. Whether you want to do a French press brew, an espresso brew, etc. using a tablespoon or cup to measure the amount of coffee that goes into your cup wouldn’t give you the pleasure you seek in a coffee.
The reason is coffee specialists measure ingredients for coffee making in grams, and coffee scales fulfill this measuring need. If you use a tablespoon or a cup to measure your ingredients, you will most likely end up with a coffee that is either over-extracted or under-extracted. While coffee scales aid precision in coffee making, it does not determine the amount of caffeine in coffee. You need a different set of skills on how to measure caffeine in coffee.
WHY COFFEE IS MEASURED IN GRAMS
Coffees are measured in grams rather than in volumes. The reason for this is because of the difference in mass. This difference in the mass of coffee beans is because of how professionals roast the green coffee (the unroasted coffee) beans.
Naturally, green coffee beans contain about 11% of moisture and have great benefits on its own. However, to derive the black coffee that we know, the green coffee beans undergo roasting. But the roasting process reduces the moisture in the coffee beans. A reduction in the moisture content provokes a decrease in the weight of the coffee beans.
Based on the result, roasters or producers roast green coffee beans with varying internal temperature. The varying internal temperature births four types of roast coffee. They include light roast coffee, medium roast coffee, dark brown roast coffee, and extra dark coffee. Of all the four categories, the light roast coffee has the highest amount of caffeine in it. The amount of moisture in these four types of roast coffee differs.
In brief, the darker the coffee beans, the lower the moisture, and the lesser the weight of the coffee beans. Thus, these four roast coffees have a different mass because of the roast level. As a result, it is more effective to measure coffee by grams than by volumes.
Whichever coffee is your preference, a coffee scale ensures that you never go wrong when making your cup of coffee. It is worthy of note that aside from being different in coffee mass, these four types of coffees also have different acidity levels. Hence if you are conscious about coffee bean acidity, you should find out which coffee has the most acidity level before selecting your preferred roast coffee bean.
WHY THE AMOUNT OF COFFEE IS IMPORTANT
Whether you prefer coffee grounds or coffee beans, you should know the appropriate amount of coffee to use per cup. The reason is that it affects the taste of your coffee. While other factors like the lifeline of your coffee, water temperature, overstepped coffee, etc. can make your coffee taste bad, the quality of your coffee mostly boils down to the number of coffee beans or grounds you use.
Without proper and precise coffee measurement, your coffee can fall victim to either being under-extracted or over-extracted. When the coffee is too much, you risk brewing a coffee with a sour and salty taste. If ruining breakfast or a perfect dessert is not your intention, ensure you use a coffee scale supported by a brew ratio guide to making a perfect cup of coffee.
Also, ensure that your coffee beans are not stale. Whether or not you use a scale and the proper brew ratio, if your coffee beans are stale, you would inevitably make a terrible cup of coffee.
The brew ratios do not instruct you on how to measure coffee beans or how to measure coffee grounds, but they give you a template on how to measure your coffee to water ratio. In other words, the brew ratio is your friend in need whenever you need to determine coffee to water ratio. This brew template gives intending coffee makers all over a headstart in the coffee making game.
A brew ratio follows the pattern of a ratio. That is, it looks something like 1:15, 1:16, etc. When pronounced, it merely means that for one part coffee to 15 grams of water. Precisely, it might translate to brewing 20gram of coffee ground in 300grams already.
There are two ways to use the brew ratio. The first method is to start with the amount of coffee you want to brew. For instance, if you want to brew 20grams of coffee, according to the brew ratio, you would need 15 parts of water.
To get the total gram of coffee required, multiply 20 with 15. The answer would be 300. Thus, 20grams coffee with 15 parts of water results in 300grams. Measure 20grams of coffee with a scale, and pour it into your brewing machine. Keep adding water until the coffee weighs 300grams.
The other method is to determine the entire gram of coffee you want to make, and then divide it with the ratio of water required to know the amount of coffee needed. For example, to make a 300-gram cup of coffee with a 15 brew ratio, divide 300 by 15 to get the exact amount of coffee you would need.
In this case, you only need 20 grams of coffee. However, this coffee to water ratio is for one cup of coffee. There are two types of brew ratios that you can use based on your preferred brewing methods. The immersion method of coffee making usually requires a 1:15 coffee to water brew ratio.
On the other hand, the pour-over method requires a 1:17 coffee to water brew ratio. One of the common questions asked as regards coffee to water ratio is how much coffee for 6 cups. The answer to this question is simple. If it takes 300gram to make one cup of coffee, all you need to do to get the amount of gram required for 6 cups is to multiply 300grams by 6. In response, 6 cups of coffee equal to 1,800grams.
Hence, you need 1,800 grams of water to make 6 cups of coffee. To get the gram of coffee required to make 6 cups, divide 1,800 grams by 15 brew ratio. Based on the answer from the above equation, you would need 120grams of coffee and 1,800 grams of water to make 6 cups of coffee. Apply this equation to the number of cups of coffee you want to make to make great coffee. This guide is for beginners in the coffee making game.
HOW TO MEASURE COFFEE WITH A COFFEE SCALE
Measuring coffee is not rocket science. It is an easy task. First, determine your coffee to water ratio. Then, measure your coffee on a scale. Make sure you position the scale on a flat surface for accuracy. Put the container for the coffee ground on the scale. Reset the scale back to zero by pressing the “tare” button. Then, add random amounts of coffee to the container and measure based on the amount of coffee you need.
Although there are different methods of measuring coffee, coffees have different mass due to the process used in making it. As a result, it is best to measure coffee on a coffee scale. Coffee scales aid precision compared to the other methods of measuring coffee.
I’m Liam & I’m the guy behind COFFEE MINISTER. In my blog, I share my expertise and help you with your coffee-struggles. I can read coffee like the back of my hand and brew it like it is in coffee shops.